Protected Areas

The total area of protected land (i.e. land proclaimed or reserved for conservation purposes) onshore South Australia is 21,049,476 hectares. Approximately 74% of onshore protected areas allow access for mineral and petroleum exploration and development. The areas are administered under the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1972, Crown Lands Act 1929 and Wilderness Protection Act 1992.

There are seven categories of Reserves:

Reserve Type


Relevant Act

Number of Parks

Reserve Area (ha)

Percentage of State Reserved

Percentage of Park Area available for Petroleum

Percentage of the State within Parks excluded from Petroleum

Recreation Park


National Parks and Wildlife Act 1972

14

3,248

 < 0.1%

0%

 < 0.1%

National Park


National Parks and Wildlife Act 1972

21

4,533,886

   4.6%

  82.9%

 0.8%

Conservation Reserve


Crown Lands Act 1929

22

47,907

 < 0.1%

 100.0%

0%

Regional Reserve


National Parks and Wildlife Act 1972

7

9,691,838

   9.9%

 100.0%

0%

Game Reserve


National Parks and Wildlife Act 1972

10

25,889

 < 0.1%

   1.6%

 < 0.1%

Wilderness Protection Area


Wilderness Protection Act 1992

11

946,318

 1.0%

0%

 1.0%

Conservation Park


National Parks and Wildlife Act 1972

256

5,800,391

   5.9%

  34.7%

   3.9%

 


 

341

21,049,476

  21.5%

  73.7%

   5.6%

 

Notes

Protected Areas:   Land proclaimed or reserved for conservation purposes pursuant to the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1972, Crown Lands Act 1929 or the Wilderness Protection Act 1992.

Totals:   Columns in this report may appear not to total due to rounding. The reported totals are correct.

Data Sources:   The information included in this report is a summary compiled from draft data, consequently the accuracy of the information cannot be guaranteed.

Area of South Australia:   98,113,292 ha - Calculated by Lamberts Conformal Conic Projection, Datum GDA94, from 1:50,000 mapping.

This was produced from the Protected Areas Information System by the Protected Area Establishment Unit, Public Land Planning Branch, Department of Environment and Natural Resources, GPO Box 1047 Adelaide South Australia 5001.

Copyright (c) Government of South Australia 2005-2011

Produced: 04-Jan-2011 14:10 (This information provided courtesy of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources).

 

Protected areas also occur offshore (e.g. the Great Australian Bight Marine Park) and are administered under the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1972 and Fisheries Act 1982.

Basically, the legislation is a ‘no-mining Act’, but there are provisions for joint proclamations and Regional Reserves both of which allow access for mineral and petroleum exploration and development.

Proclamation allowing mining rights is a mechanism under section 43(2) of the National Parks and Wildlife Act which provides for the Governor to proclaim conditions whereby rights of entry, prospecting, exploration and mining may be acquired for newly created national parks and conservation parks. This is qualified by section 43(5) which states that such a proclamation cannot be made unless:

  1. it allows for continuing rights vested in a person immediately before commencement of the Act
  2. the proclamation is made simultaneously with the proclamation constituting a reserve.

Mineral exploration and mining activity are possible only with approval of the Minister for Environment and Heritage and in accordance with the management plan for the park. This is also the case for petroleum exploration and production, except where a PEL was in force immediately prior to proclamation of the park. In this case, the proclamation may allow application for a production licence without approval of the Minister.

Recent large conservation and national park additions to the reserve system have all been made under joint proclamations which allow existing rights to continue and future rights to be acquired.